Causes And Symptoms Of Diphtheria
Causes of Diphtheria
The causes of diphtheria are many fold. Since it is a contagious disease, its transmission can happen though many modes. In a way, one can call it to be something that can be transferred though the material medium of air. Some of the many causes for the spread of this disease are as under.
- It can be transferred through the excretions of the infected person's mouth. All inhaling these droplets can acquire this disease. This is the airborne way for spreading of diphtheria.
- The second method is thought the presence of close contacts between an infected people with someone else. The closeness has to be intimate in nature.
- It can also be transmitted through sharing of the same consumable items like a glass of water or milk. Although the chances of it spreading through eating contaminated food are rare.
- People who are exposed to drugs and alcohol are more at risk than the others. The chances increase exponentially in case of the ones who are addicted to them.
- The others who are equally at risk are the homosexuals.
- Crowded areas, in which the chances of transmission are more due to the high density of the human population populating that area.
- The people unhygienic in their life styles, especially the ones who are homeless.
The people who are most vulnerable to this are the elderly having an age above 60 and the young ones below the age of 5. The risks further increase if there is inadequate vaccination made available leading to less immunization against it. Statistically, it can be proven that the lack of vaccination has lead to a drastic increase in the cases of diphtheria reported.
Symptoms of Diphtheria
Diphtheria can be categorized into two categories. The first is the one that affects the skin and the second, the one that targets the respiratory system. The former case is mostly seen amongst the adults and can be treated with ease compared to the latter which is a bit hard to contain. Sores and ulcers can develop under such circumstances. When the respiratory organs are affected, the infected person can experience fever accompanied by cough and cold. There are problems while breathing and a sore throat along with pain the neck. One can witness swelling in this region.
As it mostly affects the neck region, one can have problems while eating. It would be hard to swallow food because of the congestion in the throat. This congestion is caused due to the formation of a thick layer of gray membrane formed in the far end of the mouth. The other symptoms can be enumerated as under:
- Exhaustion can be experienced by many who have jobs requiring high labor. For those who work on desk, the experience of lethargy can be witnessed.
- Hoarseness can be felt while talking. Many people tend to ignore this as it is something associated with the common cough and cold.
- One can also feel untimely chills.