DTaP Vaccinations - Diphtheria , Tetanus, Petussis
There are a lot of diseases in the air and hence there is a need for a lot of vaccinations to be given to the new born children who are low on immunity. It becomes necessary to known which vaccination has to be given and what purpose is being solved by it. This is important as you may not want to miss out on anyone of them while at the same time, you may also not want to get shots given at the wrong time. Mothers tend to get tensed whenever the talk of getting their kids injected is concerned. It should be noted that there is nothing dangerous in getting them but it is the dangers that they prevent against.
The vaccination schedule can be a small one or a large one which varies from case to case. DTap are the most common vaccinations that are given. Also referred to as DTP, this vaccination is considered to be the most important of all the immunities provided. DTap is a combination of 3 medical illnesses namely, Diphtheria, Tetanus and Petussis. These three illnesses make up for the major risk factors in kids below the age of 5 and hence the vaccination becomes mandatory in the interest of the wellbeing of the infant.
Diphtheria is associated with respiratory problems and is caused by bacteria named Cornebacterium Diphtheriae. This bacterium has the tendency to spread through air causing to be one of the most harmful ones. The most common mode of propagation is through cough and sneeze. The symptoms associated with it are sore throat and fever at times. Since this disease involves respiratory organs, a prolonged exposure to this can lead to death. Worse is the fact that this is a contiguous disease. Tetanus affects the nervous system whereas, the Pertussis, similar to Diphtheria has symptoms of cough and cold. All the three can take months to recover from if not given their due importance.
The vaccination is given after the child has attained an age of 2 months. The dosage continues for 5 times that is prolonged over a period of 18 months. The period is bifurcated into the 2nd month, the 4th month, the 6th month, 18th and the last one when the child reaches the age of 5. The other alternative to DTaP is the DT. This eliminates the Pertissus vaccine and only covers Diphtheria and Tetanus. There are booster shots available which need to be taken every 10 years in order to keep the immunity against these bacteria working. This is common for both the children and the adults. The importance of the vaccination can be judged by the fact that there is a need to get them boosted.
One is advised to go to the nearest doctor, children's health care facility or any other general practitioner that you might know to get further details on this topic. People who are expecting to expand their family need to take this seriously as they are the ones who can be affected the most. One should not worry about the costs involved as these medicines are for mass consumption and are rendered cheap. In many areas, it is the government agencies that set up vaccination centers to help curb these diseases.