Some Important Aspects Of Diphtheria

- As many know, diphtheria is a disease that is associated with respiratory problems. It causes damage to the upper tract of the respiratory system in the human body, i.e. the throat area. Consequently, the main symptoms indicating towards this disease is swelling in the neck area, a sore throat and breathing problems, the other most common indicator being cough, cold and low blood pressure.

- In case of children, the symptoms include nausea and vomiting. One needs to be more careful with them as in certain cases the children suffering from this disease are known to portray no symptoms at all.

- Diphtheria can be curbed with the use of vaccination, which is responsible for proving immunization against it. Nowadays, this is one area which is being a lot of importance with more and more medical institutions providing with the vaccination. Even in the backward countries where the medical facilities are not that advanced, the NGOs and the private firms are taking up the cause.

- Diphtheria is a disease which has a casualty rate of around 10-20%, depending upon the geographical area and the severity of the cold that place experiences.

- The cause of this disease is a bacterium named Corynebacterium. The characteristic feature of this bacterium is that it causes damage to the throat area (leading to swelling) and infects the region for the inflow of the airstream.

- In case an individual gets affected by it, there is a need to take the appropriate antibiotics in time. This is because the bacteria multiply at a high rate and the toxin produced by it has the potential to enter the blood stream thereby affecting the organs present in the body.

- The most affected organs are the human heart and the nervous system. One can easily calculate the danger involved when these two places are involved. The consequences can be a heart failure or a nervous attack leading to paralysis. One can also witness failures in the functioning of the kidney or the occurrence of pneumonia.

- The disease is also contagious and can be acquired by breathing which can lead to inhaling the secretions. Another way of contracting this disease is by coming in contact with the blood of an infected person. All these make is mandatory for the person with diphtheria to be kept in seclusion.

- The most common places where it can be acquired are the crowded areas. Under kept and unclean areas is of major concern. The people who are most prone to getting this disease are the ones who are undernourished or the ones who do not immunization against it due to lack of vaccination.

- The vaccines that are required are the macrolides and the penicillins. These are the two antibiotics that can treat diphtheria.

- While visiting a place prone to diphtheria, it is best advised to get a shot of the vaccine. This shot is known as a booster shot which enhances the current immunity to a greater level providing more security against acquiring this disease.